Clouds have a very important role to play when it comes to predicting the climate for several years to come. Clouds may just be a combination of water vapor and air but it does help us as a nice tool for knowing the situation of the climate in our world for several decades. It is like getting voucher codes or promo codes and knowing that you will get discounts after checkout. Let us dive deeper into what clouds are and how it assists weather experts to know the climate.
In general, clouds are deeply affected by what the climate is but also affects what the climate will be. It is because of clouds sensitivity to change. This is because clouds affect the radiation in which the earth receives and gives back to the atmosphere.
Since clouds are composed of water vapor, this may cool the earth when enough amount of the clouds are collected or accumulated in one area. Clouds also can block the sunlight if it is thick enough, thus allowing the earth to have less sunlight. But on the contrary, the heat that comes from the earth is also reflected by clouds back into the surface. This event causes an increase in temperature on the earth’s surface.
How is the combination of the effects of the accumulation of clouds affect the climate? If the climate changes, the set of events may also change. Thus, it will also change the formation and effect of the clouds themselves. How do the meteorologists use these now? It depends on the combination of these patterns to know the climate. The sum of the effects of the clouds, whether radiative cooling or warming of the surface of the earth determines the climate that it would cause us to have.
Many scientists and meteorologists already have an idea of how clouds form. With the number of researches available, they can understand the circulation of clouds above the earth. They use specific models that are already existing to know what climate it will be. So, checking the climate is about using the computer models and scientific observation of the clouds.